Over the years, Tropheus have received a bad "rap". I have been breeding Tropheus for over 20 years . When I first started with Tropheus, there was not much info about them so I had to learn the hard way. I now find them to be amongst the hardiest of cichlids and one of my favorites. They come in an array of colors and are very active and exciting to watch. A few things to keep in mind:
Aggression: They can be very aggressive especially toward other tropheus The solution: keep them in large groups either with other tropheus or other fish..
Tank Size: At least a 55 gallon with about 20 fish, preferrably a 75 gallon with at least 25 fish. If you want to mix various types of tropheus , I recommend 4-6 of each type.
Diet: This is a key. They need a diet primarily of a Good spirulina flake . Stay away from frozen foods! I feed my Tropheus the Spirulina flake that I sell on my "Dry Goods" page about twice a day and the "Krill flakes that I also sell about 3-4 times a week. Be careful not to overfeed to where they have fat bellies as they will bloat easily. Tropheus are algae grazers in the wild and have long digestive tracks. Frozen and pellet foods are hard for them to digest.
Maintenance. Good strong filtration along with regular water changes are essential. I recommend a water change of 25% each week. I keep all my fish at PH level of about 8.5
Tank Mates: Ideal tank mates are the Eretmodus and Tanganicodus as they have similar diet and aggression. They are also fascinating fish to watch as they hop around the tank. However a number of other fish can be kept with Tropheus as long as you stick to flake food. Cyprichromis, Lamprologus, Julidochromis and larger Aulonocara or Copadichromis types
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